Gender & Women Issues In Buddhism

THL Bibliographies > Gender & Women Issues In Buddhism

Gender & Women Issues In Buddhism Bibliography in the THL Bibliographies

Overview of Subject



Sarah Jacoby.



General Studies

Cabezon, Josee Ignacio. Buddhism, Sexuality, and Gender. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1992.

Sharma, Arvind, ed. Women in World Religions, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1987.

Sharma, Arvind, ed. Women Saints in World Religions. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. Buddhist Women Across Cultures. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999.

Indian Buddhism and Women

Walters, Jonathan S. “Gotami’s Story.” Buddhism in Practice. Edited by Donald S. Lopez, Jr. (Princeton University Press, 1995), 113-138.

Falk, Nancy Auer. “The Case of the Vanishing Nuns: The Fruits of Ambivalence in Ancient Indian Buddhism.” In Falk, Nancy Auer and Gross, Rita M., Eds. Unspoken Worlds: Women’s Religious Lives. Belmont: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2001.

Gamage, Chamindaji. Buddhism & Sensuality: As Recorded in the Theravada Canon. Illinois: Northwestern University, 1998.

King, Karen L. Women and Goddess Traditions. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1997.

Rao, Amruta. Women Then from the Pali & Buddhistic Literature: A Study of the Women. Bombay: Printfast, 1992.

Wilson, Liz. Charming Cadavers: Horrific Figurations of the Feminine in Indian Buddhist Hagiographic Literature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Wilson, Elizabeth. “The Female Body as a Source of Horror and Insight in Post-Ashokan Indian Buddhism.” Religious Reflections on the Human Body. Edited by Jane Marie Law (Indiana University Press, 1995), 76-99.

Therigatha Related Sources

Blackstone, Katherine R. Women in the Footsteps of the Buddha. Surrey: Curzon Press, 1998.

Murcott, Susan. The First Buddhist Women. Berkeley: Parallax Press, 1991.

Rhys Davids, C.A.F. and Norman, K.R. Poems of Early Buddhist Nuns. Oxford: The Pali Text Society, 1989.

Sri Lanka and Buddhist Women

Bartholemeusz, Tessa J. Women Under the Bo Tree. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Richman, Paula. “The Portrayal of a Female Renouncer in a Tamil Buddhist Text,” in Bynum, Caroline Walker, Harrell, Steven and Richman, Paula. Eds. 1986. Gender and Religion: On the Complexity of Symbols. Boston: Beacon Press.

Tibetan Buddhism and Women/Gender/Sexuality

Allione, Tsutrim, Women of Wisdom. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984.

Aziz, Barbara Nimri. 1976. “Views from the Monastery Kitchen: Fieldwork with Tibetan Monks and Nuns.” In Kailash. vol. IV, n. 2.

______. 1978. Tibetan Frontier Families : Reflections of Three Generations From D’ing-ri. Durham: Carolina Academic Press.

______. 1987. “Moving Towards a Sociology of Tibet.” In Janice Willis (ed.). Feminine Ground. Ithaca: Snow lion Publications.

______. 1988. “Women in Tibetan Society and Tibetology.” In H. Uebach, J. L. Panglung (eds.). Tibetan Studies. Munich, Bayrische Akademie der Wissenschaften, vol. II, p. 25-35.

Campbell, June. In Search of Female Identity in Tibetan Buddhism. New York: George Braziller, 1996.

Chayet, Anne. 1993. La femme au temps des Dalaï-lamas. Paris: Stock-L. Pernoud.

Diemberger, Hildegard. 1991. “Lhakama lha-bka'-ma and Khandroma mkha'-'gro-ma: The Sacred Ladies of Beyul Khenbalung sbas-yul mkhan-pa-lung.” In E. Steinkellner (ed.). Tibetan History and Language. Vienna, Arbeitskreis für Tibetische und Buddhistische Studien.

______. 1999. “Machig Zhama’s Recovery: Traces of Ancient History and Myth in the South Tibetan Landscape of Kharta and Phadrug.” In Toni Huber (ed.). Sacred Spaces and Powerful Places in Tibetan Culture. Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives.

Dowman, Keith. Sky Dancer: The Secret Life and Songs of the Lady Yeshe Tsogyal. London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984.

Drolma, Delog Dawa. Delog: Journey to Realms Beyond Death. Junction City: Padma Publishing, 1995.

Edou, Jerome. Machig Labdron and the Foudations of Chod. Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications, 1996.

Germano, David and Gyatso, Janet. 2000. “Longchenpa and the Possession of the ḍākinīs.” Tantra in Practice. David White (ed.). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Anne Klein’s article in Atkinson, Clarissa W. Buchanan, Constance H. Miles, Margaret R., ed. Immaculate & Powerful: The Female in Sacred Imagery and Social Reality. Boston: Beacon Press, 1985.

Ray, Reginald A. “Accomplished Women in Tantric Buddhism of Medieval India and Tibet.” In Falk, Nancy Auer and Gross, Rita M., Eds. Unspoken Worlds: Women’s Religious Lives. Belmont: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2001.

Goldstein, Melvyn. 1987. “When Brothers Share a Wife.” Natural History. 96(3): 109-112.

______. 1971. “Stratification, Polyandry, and Family Structure in Central Tibet.” Southwest Journal of Anthropology. 27(1): 64-74.

Grimshaw, Anna. Servants of the Buddha: Winter in a Himalayan Convent. Cleveland: The Pilgrim’s Press, 1992.

Gutschow, Kim I. 1997 (summer). “Unfocussed Merit-making in Zangskar: A Socio economic Account of Karsha Nunnery.” In The Tibet Journal. vol. XXII. n. 2 (special issue “Women and Tibet”), pp. 30-58.

______. 2000a. “Yeshe’s Tibetan Pilgrimage and the Founding of a Himalayan Nunnery”. Innovative Buddhist Women: Swimming Against the Stream, Richmond: Curzon.

______. 2000b. “Novice Ordination for Nuns: The Rhetoric and Reality of Female Monasticism in Northwest India.” Women’s Buddhism, Buddhism’s Women: Tradition, Revision, Renewal, Ellison Banks Findly (ed.). Boston: Wisdom Publications.

______. 2001. “The Women Who Refuse to Be Exchanged”. Celibacy, Culture, and Society : The Anthropology of Sexual Abstinence. edited by Elisa J. Sobo and Sandra Bell. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.

______. 2004. Being a Buddhist Nun: The Struggle for Enlightenment in the Himalayas. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Gyalwa Changchub and Namkhai Nyingpo. 1999. Lady of the Lotus-Born. Discovered by Tertön Taksham Samten Lingpa. Padmakara Translation Group (trans.). Boston: Shambhala.

Gyatso, Janet. 1998. Apparitions of the Self. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

______. 2005. “Sex,” In Critical Terms for the Study of Buddhism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 271-290.

______, and Hanna Havnevik (ed.). 2005. Women in Tibet: Past and Present. New York: Columbia University Press.

Hanna, Span. 1996. “Vast as the Sky: The Terma Tradition in Modern Tibet.” In Tantra and Popular Religion in Tibet. New Delhi: Internation Academy of Indian Culture and Aditya Prakashan.

Harding, Sarah. 2003a. Machik’s Complete Explanation: Clarifying the Meaning of Chöd. Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications.

Havnevik, Hanna. Tibetan Buddhist Nuns: History, Cultural Norms and Social Reality. Oslo: Norwegian University Press, 1989.

______. 1997. “The Autobiography of Jetsun Lochen Rinpoché, A Preliminary Research Report.” Tibetan Studies, Proceedings of the 7th Seminar of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, Graz 1995. Helmut Krasser, Michael Torsten Much, Ernst Steinkellner, Helmut Tauscher (eds). Wien: Verlag Der Osterreichischen Akademie Der Wissenschaften.

______. 1999. The Life of Jetsun Lochen Rinpoche (1865-1951) As Told in Her Autobiography. (unpubl. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oslo), 2 vol., 773 p.

______. 2002. “A Tibetan Female State Oracle." in H. Blezer (ed.). Religion and Secular Culture in Tibet: Tibetan Studies II. Leiden, Brill, pp. 259-288.

Huber, Toni. 1994b. “Why can’t women climb Pure Chrystal Mountain ? Remarks on gender, ritual and space at Tsa-ri.” Tibetan Studies : Proceedings of the 6th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Fagernes 1992. Per Kværne (ed.). Oslo: The Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture.

______. 1999. The Cult of Pure Crystal Mountain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

______. 1999. Sacred Spaces and Powerful Places in Tibetan Culture: A Collection of Essays. Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives.

Jamyang Shakya. 1990. Princess in the Land of Snows: The Life of Jamyang Sakya in Tibet. Boston: Shambhala.

Jetsun Pema. 1997. Tibet: My Story, An Autobiography. Shaftesbury: Element.

Kalff, Martin. 1978. “Ḍākinīs in the Cakrasamvara Tradition.” Tibetan Studies. M. Brauen and P. Kværne (eds). Zurich: Volkerkundemuseum der Universitat Zurich.

Klein, Anne. Meeting the Great Bliss Queen: Buddhists, Feminists, and the Art of the Self. Boston: Beacon Press, 1995.

Lama Chonam and Sangye Khandro. 1998. The Lives and Liberation of Princess Mandarava. Boston: Wisdom Publications.

Lewis, I.M. Ecstatic Religion. London: Routledge, 1989.

Makley, Charlene Elizabeth. 1997. “The Meaning of Liberation: Representations of Tibetan Women,” in The Tibet Journal 22 (2): 4-29.

______. 1999. Embodying the Sacred: Gender and Monastic Revitalization in China's Tibet (unpubl. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan), 360 p.

______. 2002a. “Sexuality and Identity in Post-Mao Amdo.” In Toni Huber (ed.). Amdo Tibetans in Transition: Society and Culture in the Post-Mao Era, PIATS 2000. Leiden: E.J. Brill

______. 2002b. “On the Edge of Respectability: Sexual Politics in China’s Tibet.” In Positions, East Asia Cultures Critique 10 (3): 575-630.

______. 2003. “Gendered Boundaries in Motion: Space and Identity on the Sino-Tibetan Frontier.” In American Ethnologist 30 (4): 597-619.

Nam-mkha’i snying-po. 1983. Mother of Knowledge: The Enlightenment of Ye-shes mTsho-rgyal. Tarthang Tulku (trans.) and Jane Wilhelms (ed.). Berkeley: Dharma Publishing.

Orofino, Giacomella. 2000. “The Great Wisdom Mother and the Gcod Tradition.” in D. G. White (ed.). Tantra in Practice. Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 396- 416.

Pommaret, Francoise. 1989. Les Revenants de l’au-dela dans le monde tibetain. Paris: C.N.R.S.

Schaeffer, Kurtis R. 2004. Himalayan Hermitess: The Life of a Tibetan Buddhist Nun. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Shaw, Miranda. 1994. Passionate Enlightenment. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Simmer-Brown, Judith. Dakini’s Warm Breath: The Feminine Principle in Tibetan Buddhism. Boston: Shambhala, 2002.

Stevens, John. Lust for Enlightenment: Buddhism and Sex. Boston: Shambhala, 1990.

Tsering, Diki. 2000. Dalai Lama, My Son: A Mother’s Story. New York: Viking Arkana.

Tsogyal, Yeshe. 1978. The Life and Liberation of Padmasambhava: Padma bKa’i Thang. Emeryville: Dharma Publishing.

Tsogyal, Yeshe. 1993. The Lotus-Born: The Life Story of Padmasambhava. Eric Pema Kunsang (trans.). Boston: Shambhala.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. Sisters in Solitude. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996.

Tsomo, Karma Lekshe (ed.). 1999. Buddhist Women Across Cultures: Realizations. Albany, State University of New York Press.

______. 2000. Innovative Buddhist Women : Swimming Against the Stream. Richmond : Curzon.

______. (ed.). 2004. Buddhist Women and Social Justice : Ideals, Challenges, and Achievements. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Watkins, Joanne C. Spirited Women: Gender, Religion, and Cultural Identity in the Nepal Himalaya. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.

Willis, Janice, editor. 1987. Feminine Ground: Essays on Women and Tibet. Ithaca, Snow Lion Publications.

Young, Serenity. Courtesans and Tantric Consorts. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Methodology in the Study of Women and Religion

Anderson, Pamela Sue. A Feminist Philosophy of Religion: The Rationality and Myths of Religious Belief. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd., 1998.

Castelli, Elizabeth A. 2001. Women, Gender, Religion, A Reader. New York: Palgrave.

Donaldson, Laura E. and Pui-lan, Kwok. Postcolonialism, Feminism, and Religious Discourse. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Eck, Diana L. and Jain, Devaki, ed. Speaking of Faith: Cross-cultural Perspectives on Women, Religion and Social Change. London: The Woman’s Press, 1986.

Faure, Bernard. Double Exposure: Cutting Across Buddhist and Western Discourses. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004.

Joy, Morny and Neumaier-Dargyay, Eva K, Ed. Gender, Genre and Religion. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1995.

King, Ursula. Religion & Gender. Oxford: Blackwell, 1995.

Moore, Robert L. and Reynolds, Frank E. Anthropology and the Study of Religion. Chicago: Center for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1984.

Parker, Andrew, Russo, Mary, Sommer, Doris, and Yaeger, Patricia. Nationalisms & Sexualities. New York: Routledge, 1992.

East Asian Buddhism and Women

Arai, Paula Kane Robinson. Women Living Zen: Japanese Soto Buddhist Nuns. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Batchelor, Martine. Women in Korean Zen: Lives and Practices. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2006.

Brown, Sid. The Journey of One Buddhist Nun: Even Against the Wind. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001.

Keyes, Charles F. “Ambiguous Gender: Male Initiation in a Northern Thai Buddhist Society,” in Bynum, Caroline Walker, Harrell, Steven and Richman, Paula, eds. 1986. Gender and Religion: On the Complexity of Symbols. Boston: Beacon Press.

Faure, Bernard. The Power of Denial: Buddhism, Purity, and Gender. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Hardacre, Helen. Marketing the Menacing Fetus in Japan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Ruch, Barbara. Engendering Faith: Women and Buddhism in Premodern Japan. Ann Arbor: Center for Japanese Studies at the University of Michigan, 2002.

Tworkov, Helen. Zen in America: Five Teachers and the Search for an American Buddhism. New York: Kodansha International, 1994.

Schuster, Nancy. “Striking a Balance: Women and Images of Women in Early Chinese Buddhism.” In Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck and Findly, Ellison Banks. Women, Religion, and Social Change. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1985.

Faure, Bernard. The Red Thread: Buddhist Approaches to Sexuality. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Karim, Wazir Jahan. ‘Male’ and ‘Female’ in Developing Southeast Asia. Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1995.

LaFleur, William R. Liquid Life: Abortion and Buddhism in Japan. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.

Tsai, Kathryn Ann. Lives of the Nuns: Biographies of Chinese Buddhist Nuns from the Fourth to Sixth Centuries. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994.

h23Feminism, Women, and Buddhism in the West

Friedman, Lenore. Meetings with Remarkable Women: Buddhist Teachers in America. Boston: Shambhala, 2000.

Gross, Rita. Buddhism After Patriarchy. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.

Gross, Rita. Soaring and Settling: Buddhist Perspectives on Contemporary Social and Religious Issues. New York: Continuum, 1998.

Holm, Jean, ed. Women in Religion. London: Pinter Publishers, 1994. (includes an essay by Rita Gross on Buddhism)

Queen, Christopher S. and King, Sallie B. Ed. Engaged Buddhism: Buddhist Liberation Movements in Asia. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996.

Queen, Christopher S. Engaged Buddhism in the West. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2000.

Provided for unrestricted use by the external link: Tibetan and Himalayan Library